Most Common Apple Tree Diseases – And How to Prevent Them
Apple trees can suffer from many different diseases. Learn the symptoms early so you can treat them as best you can. Apple trees suffer from three groups of diseases – fungal diseases, viral diseases and bacterial diseases. Apple Tree Fungal Diseases Fungal diseases require a food source to survive – in this case, your apple tree. The fungal spores spread by wind and rain during wet cool weather between 55-75 degrees Fahrenheit in the spring and early summer and enter the apple tree in different ways – through the plant tissue, leaves, flowers, fruit, or wounds.
Apple Tree Companion Plants You Need In Your Guild
Apple tree companion plants are a great way to maximize harvest, make use of space underneath your apple tree, and increase biodiversity in the soil and understory of your apple tree. What Is An Apple Tree Guild? An apple tree guild is a group of companion plants planted around the base of your apple tree that benefit the apple tree, and the plants surrounding it. Companion plants are chosen based on the functions they can perform.
How to Prune an Apple Tree
Whether you want your apple tree to look a certain way, to produce more apples, or to stimulate its growth, apple trees will benefit from regular pruning. With proper pruning techniques your tree will develop good limb structure capable of carrying a heavy fruit load, stimulate the creation of fresh new limbs, rid the apple tree of damaged or diseased limbs, improve fruit quality, and control the height of the apple tree so that your apples are easier to pick.
7 Ways to Know When Apples Are Ripe to Pick
Apples often look ready to pick earlier than they actually are. Picking apples at the right time is not only important to get the highest quality, best tasting fruit, but also to maximize the storage life of your backyard apples by up to six months. Not all apples will ripen at the same time. The variety of apple, and the local weather conditions are two of the biggest factors in determining when your apples will become ripe, but there are a few good indicators to look out for to determine whether your apples are at peak ripeness and ready to be harvested.
9 Ways to Humanely Keep Squirrels and Birds Off Your Apple Tree
There are several humane ways to keep squirrels and birds from stealing the apples from your apple tree – the fruits of your labour, like scarecrows, metal collars and baffles around the trunk of your tree, bird netting, noise makers and hot pepper. Before getting into the different methods of keeping squirrels away from ripening apples, start by limiting their access points to the trunk of the tree only. That means pruning branches that lean too low to the ground, that rest on fence tops or telephone lines, or that sit on roof tops.
How to Mulch an Apple Tree
Mulching an apple tree has many benefits, like holding in moisture, improving soil structure, and increasing the fertility of the soil. But many people don’t follow the basic steps to properly mulch an apple tree. To mulch an apple tree, apply 4-6 inches of wood chips in a circle about 4-6 feet in diameter around the base of the apple tree, and create a berm or donut around the outer edge, tapering down to 1 inch of mulch around the base of the trunk.
Why Are Apples Falling From My Apple Tree?
There are several reasons why an apple tree might be dropping fruit before they become ripe. Most of the time, it is natural for apples to fall from the tree, but the time of year and the size of fruit will give us a hint as to what is actually happening behind the scenes. Apple trees can drop fruit from poor pollination, to reduce a heavy fruit set, from lack of nutrients or water, from summer pruning, or from pest damage.
Are Apple Tree Roots Invasive?
Apple tree roots will grow where their needs are met and spread to areas that hold nutrients, water and oxygen. Apple tree roots grow to different depths and lateral sizes depending on the type of rootstock, type of soil and environmental conditions, but mainly grow more shallow and out laterally. Apple tree roots can grow up to twice as large as the canopy is wide and compete for nutrients, water and oxygen with nearby plants.
Are Apple Trees Self Pollinating?
Knowing whether an apple tree variety requires cross-pollination, is self-fertile, or is a triploid is an important distinction when determining what type of apple tree to plant in your backyard. Most apple trees are self-incompatible and require pollen from another apple tree from a different cultivar with an overlapping bloom in order to be pollinated and produce fruit. This is known as cross-pollination. However, there are a few apple tree cultivars that can pollinate themselves and other apple trees, known as self-pollinating or self-fertile apple trees.
Best Soil for Apple Trees
Apple trees will tolerate a wide range of different soil textures, depth, acidity, and structure, as long as they are well draining and fertile. The best soil for apple trees are well draining medium-clay to sandy loam, fertile soils with slightly acidic to neutral pH between 5.8 and 6.5. Test Your Soil Before planting your apple tree, it is a good idea to have your soil tested to determine the type of soil you have, the pH level, and if it is lacking any essential nutrients and minerals.
Will Apple Trees Grow In Shade?
Apple trees will grow in a variety of different shade and sun conditions. The number of hours of direct sunlight is not the only factor that will determine optimal growth. Whether the apple tree receives morning sun or afternoon sun, and what direction the apple tree is facing, are also important factors. Ideally, apple trees will need 8-10 hours of direct sunlight for optimal growth, pollination and fruit product in your yard.
How Long Before Apple Trees Grow Apples
You planted your first apple tree and can’t wait for your first harvest of fresh apples. Apple trees will start growing apples 2-10 years after being planted, depending on the rootstock. Dwarf apple trees will start growing apples 2-3 years after being planted, while apple trees grown from seed will take 6-10 years to start growing apples. What is a rootstock? The majority of apple trees consist of two parts, the scion and the rootstock.
How to Plant an Apple Tree – In 5 Easy Steps
Planting an apple tree can provide enjoyment and an abundant harvest of fresh apples for years to come. To plant an apple tree the right way, we first need to choose the right location based on sun and soil requirements, dig a square hole, plant the tree to the proper height, backfill the dirt while adding mycorrhizal fungi to the roots, add compost and mulch, and plenty of water. Before we get started, here are some basic gardening tools you will need to plant your apple tree.
Are Apple Blossoms and Apple Leaves Edible?
Apple blossoms and apple leaves contain small amounts of hydrocyanic acid – or “cyanide”. However, both the flowers and leaves on an apple tree are edible in small quantities and are high in antioxidants and minerals. Dried apple blossoms can be steeped to make teas, aged in vodka, flavour jellies, or used fresh as a garnish. How To Pick Apple Blossoms First check out our guide on when your apple tree will be in full bloom.
When Do Apple Trees Bloom?
Apple trees will bloom in early spring between mid-April and mid-May after having met the required chill hours during winter dormancy. Apple tree bloom depends less on the time of year, and more on the temperature in your region. In order to determine exactly when your fruit tree will bloom, it is important to understand the budding stage of apple trees. In the first stage, the apple tree is dormant through late-fall and winter once temperatures fall below 45° F (7° C).